Independent Foundations

Private foundations make grants based on charitable endowments. The endowment funds come from one or a small handful of sources -- an individual, a family or a corporation. Because of their endowments, they are focused primarily on grantmaking and generally do not raise funds or seek public financial support the way public charities (like community foundations) must.

Private independent foundations are distinct from private family or corporate foundations in that an independent foundation is not governed by the benefactor, the benefactor’s family or a corporation. Of the largest private foundations in the United States, most are independent foundations, although they may have begun as family foundations or were converted from corporate foundations. There is no official IRS or legal definition of independent foundations, so it is difficult to arrive at statistics that are fully representative of the field.

Below is everything on our site for independent foundations. You can use the filtering options on the right to narrow these results.

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Certain definitions are defined by law.

The Council has actively supported extending and expanding the IRA charitable rollover since its inclusion in The Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA). As of June, 2015, the IRA charitable rollover is not yet available for 2015 gifts. Congress has not extended the provision past 2014, though the Council is aggressively advocating for the provision to be passed quickly into permanent law to eliminate the need for annual extensions.

Audits are everywhere these days. Consider:

The Philanthropy Exchange is a private social network that allows Council members to connect with peers. On the Exchange, members can discuss topics of shared interest, share resources, and develop stronger relationships that advance their work. Watch this 2-minute video walk-through to get a feel for the platform.

Members can:

Members can now access the following salary tables with data from the 2013 Grantmakers Salary and Benefits Survey. 

The Council on Foundations’ Foundation Management Series provides foundation boards and staff with the tools needed to benchmark their practices and operations against peers in the field. Containing data from the Council’s 2009 Foundation Management survey, the series consists of three reports: Board Composition and Compensation, Administrative and Investment Expenses, and Fiscal Oversight.

The board compensation and administrative expenses tables are available for free to members:

More and more grantmakers are adopting online board portals to expedite the flow of information between the chief executive, staff, and the board.

Together, let's advance philanthropy and advance the common good!

The Council exists to expand, enhance, and sustain the work of the philanthropic field and to ensure that policymakers understand the important role that the field plays in advancing society.

Meeting with a member of Congress or with congressional staff is an effective way to convey a message about a specific issue or legislative matter. Below are some suggestions for making the most of your visit.

Plan your visit carefully

Be clear about what it is you want to achieve. Determine in advance with whom you need to meet to achieve your purpose.

Each member of Congress has staff to assist him or her during a term in office. To be most effective in communicating with Congress, it is helpful to know the titles and principal functions of key staff.

Commonly used titles and job functions: