Publications

Global Family Philanthropy: Exploring Key Considerations for Giving Across Borders

This paper by the Council on Foundations, BNY Mellon, and Give2Asia explores the opportunities and challenges that face global families as they seek to conduct cross-border philanthropy. From coordinating family strategy to navigating complex tax regimes, global family philanthropy is not a simple feat. However, due to generational change and technological advancements, it’s becoming far more common. This paper equips global families with key considerations and offers recommendations on how to proceed with global family philanthropy in an effective manner.

International Grantmaking: A Guide for Funders Making Grants Outside the United States

Making grants to institutions outside the United States is challenging and rewarding.This chapter of Mastering Foundation Law: The Council on Foundations Compendium of Legal Resources focuses on the various legal and technical requirements necessary to comply with the U.S. law and regulations concerning grants to non-U.S. organizations.

Legal Considerations for Corporate Foundations

Many businesses set up related charitable organizations for the purpose of engaging in philanthropic endeavors supported by the company. Because the funding for these charitable organizations is derived primarily from contributions from the business, these entities typically are unable to qualify as public charities and instead qualify as private foundations. This chapter of Mastering Foundation Law explores the special issues faced by corporate foundations as a result of their close relationship with their founding business.

Local Communities with Global Reach Cover

The Council, in collaboration with the Foundation Center, created this first-ever analysis of international grantmaking by U.S. community foundations. Beyond statistics on global grantmaking trends, the report also includes interviews with five community foundations - The Boston Foundation, The Cleveland Foundation, Greater Houston Community Foundation, Seattle Foundation and Silicon Valley Community Foundation - who each approach international engagement in diverse ways.

Navigating Mergers & Acquisitions Cover

The Navigating Mergers and Acquisitions report is a roadmap providing key considerations and best practices for corporate philanthropy leaders managing portfolios during a merger or acquisition.

Philanthropy and Rural America

Learn what philanthropy is doing—or should be doing—in rural communities to growing assets and improve education, health, and the environment.

Shifting Practices, Sharing Power?

We surveyed 250 foundation leaders and conducted more than a dozen in-depth interviews to assess how the sector is changing in three ways: resourcing, priorities, and internal operations. Across all three, we found shifts in practices yet few examples of increases in power sharing.

Starting A Foundation: Formation and Considerations

Many people want to start foundations, but few start out knowing exactly what sort of organization they are going to create. The purpose of this e-book is to help potential donors understand the many different entities that are commonly referred to as foundations and to provide an understanding of the legal framework necessary to establish a foundation.

Supporting Organizations

This chapter discusses the federal tax laws governing supporting organizations. As a result of the Tax Reform Act of 1969, private foundations receive considerably less favorable treatment under tax law than public charities. Supporting organizations are a hybrid of private foundations and public charities that generally enjoy more favorable tax treatment than private foundations because they are exempt from many of the excise taxes imposed on private foundations.

The Complete Guide to Grantmaking Basics: A Field Guide for Funders

The Complete Guide brings together and updates the information, guidance, and tips found in Grantmaking Basics I and II with more essential tools for grantmakers.

The Giving Family: Raising Our Children to Help Others

The Giving Family offers parents dozens of simple family activities to teach children of any age how to give their time, their talents, and (yes!) their money to people and causes they care about

State of Global Giving by US Foundations 2011-2015 report

The Council on Foundations and Foundation Center analyzed how US foundations supported international communities, non-profits, and programs between 2011 and 2015 for our report, The State of Global Giving by U.S. Foundations: 2011-2015. In addition to a detailed analysis of trends by issue area, geographic region, population group, and donor strategy, this analysis also relates these trends to key events and developments, including the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, the spread of Ebola in West Africa, and the increasing legal restrictions faced by civil society in countries around the world.

What to Expect from an Audit

This chapter of Mastering Foundation Law describes the IRS audit process for exempt organizations, including private foundations; highlights current areas of enforcement focus; and discusses the value of formal legal opinions for private foundations and their managers.